About Nepal

Continent: Asia
Capital: Kathamndu
Location: Situated between India in the South, East and West and China in the North

  • Latitude : 26? 22'and 30? 27' North
  • Longitude : 80? 4' and 88? 12' East

Area: 1,47,181 sq.km
Population: about 26 million
People: Nepal has more than 60 caste/ethnic group and 70 spoken languages
Time Zone: 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT.
Language: Nepali is the national language, However travel trade people understand and speak English as well
Currency: Nepali Rupees (approximately US$ 1 equal to 98.29)
Political System: Multy Party Democracy System.
Religion: Hindu, Buddhist, Christian, Sikh, and other also
Climate: Climate ranges form tropical in the low lands to the arctic in the higher altitude.

Nepal has four major season

  • Winter ( December – February)
  • Spring ( March – May)
  • Summer (June – August)
  • Autumn (September – November)

Nepal can visited whole year round

People: Nepal has more than 61 ethnic groups and 70 spoken languages.

What to Wear:

Lightweight clothing is recommended for May through October. Warm garments are required in October through March. An umbrella or raincoat is a must for the rainy season.

Trade:

Commerce has been a major occupation in Nepal since early times. Being situated at the crossroads of the ancient trans-Himalayan trade route, trading is second nature to the Nepali people. Foreign trade is characterized mainly by import of manufactured products and export of agricultural raw materials. Nepal imports manufactured goods and petroleum products worth about US$ 1 billion annually. The value of exports is about US$ 315 million. Carpets are Nepal's largest export, earning the country over US$ 135 million per year. Garment exports account for more than US$ 74 million and handicraft goods bring in about US$ 1 million. Other important exports are pulses, hides and skins, jute and medicinal herbs.

Manufacturing:

Manufacturing is still at the developmental stage and it represents less than 10 percent of the GDP. Major industries are carpets, garments, textiles, leather products, paper and cement. Other products made in Nepal are steel utensils, cigarettes, beverages and sugar. There are many modern large-scale factories but the majority are cottage or small scale operations. Most of Nepal's industries are based in the Kathmandu Valley and a string of small towns in the southern Terai plains.

Agriculture:

Eight out of 10 Nepalese are engaged in farming and it accounts for more than 40 percent of the GDP. Rolling fields and neat terraces can be seen all over the Terai flatlands and the hills of Nepal. Even in the highly urbanized Kathmandu Valley, large tracts of land outside the city areas are devoted to farming. Rice is the staple diet in Nepal and around three million tons are produced annually. Other major crops are maize, wheat, millet and barley. Besides food grains, cash crops like sugarcane, oil seeds, tobacco, jute and tea are also cultivated in large

Economy:

Nepal is a developing country with an agricultural economy. In recent years, the country's efforts to expand into manufacturing industries and other technological sectors have achieved much progress. Farming is the main economic activity followed by manufacturing, trade and tourism. The chief sources of foreign currency earnings are merchandise export, services, tourism and Gurkha remittances. The annual Gross, Domestic Product (GDP) is about US$ 4.3 billion.